Darchula District Food Security Situation July-November 2013

Although Darchula district is minimally food insecured during this reporting period then also it was moderately food insecure during Jul.-Aug. months. Out of 41 VDCs, 10 VDCs of cluster A , 20 VDCs of cluster B  and 11 VDCs of cluster C are minimal food insecure. HHs food stock in cluster A and B is sufficient for more than four months due to harvest of normal summer crops whereas in cluster C it's sufficient for 3 months due to marginal land availability.  Market price of rice is increased by 6.25% than last year. Main food staples in key markets are sufficient and supply is continuous. Open access to India plays vital role in supporting most of HHs of Darchula district in cluster A and B for wage employment whereas GOs/I/NGOs created wage employment opportunities through different development activities in whole district. This was good time for remittance inflow whereas people were inmigrated for celebration of festival_Dashain, tihar, summer crop harvest and CA election. People are also internally migrating from Byash VDC to Khalanga DHQ. Sale of vegetable, pulse, livestock, livestock products was regular moreover cash income from sale of NTFP-Yarshagumba was Rs.1 arab 28 cor. for 6,230 HHs involved of 20 VDCs @ Rs. 40,000-Rs.50,000 per hh and revenue collected was Rs.79,69,005 till Mangshir.’070. No any significant natural disaster and cases of diseases occurred and the security situation is generally peaceful. So combining and analyzing all the indicators of food security, Darchula district is identified as minimally food insecure and comes under food security phase one.

Food Security Outlook

The overall situation is expected to detorate in next cycle as there will be no new crop harvetment and HHs will have to relay on limited food stock.  Key markets will have sufficient food stock to meet the demand as roads will not be blocked. Market price of rice will be in increasing trend.

The situation in Cluster A and C will remain similar as the summer crop production was normal and most HHs have balance food stock for more than 4 months whereas in cluster C income from sale of NTFP_yarsha will increase purchasing capacity of people and moreover availability of food in market will be sufficient.

Situation in Cluster B will detorate due to no new crop harvestment in upcoming cycle, HHs food stock will be depleting and market price of rice will be in increasing trend.