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Within a broader organisational effort to better understand vulnerability to food insecurity at the country level, the World Food Programme in Nepal (WFP-Nepal), with the technical assistance of the Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) branch of WFP headquarters, undertook a comprehensive food security and vulnerability analysis in Nepal. The effort spanned across a five month period beginning with preparatory activities in August 2005, collection of household and community level data in September 2005, and analysis of these data in November-December 2005.
The objective of the survey was to deepen and expand current knowledge on food insecurity and vulnerability among rural households at the sub-regional level in Nepal. As such, a standard set of questions, developed by WFP, needed to be answered:
• Which populations are vulnerable to hunger and food insecurity?
• Where do they live?
• What are the underlying causes of their food insecurity?
• What types of interventions (food and non-food) are needed to reduce their
vulnerability to food insecurity?