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The Ministry of Agricultural Development (MoAD) estimates total production of winter crops (wheat and barley) at 2.0 million mt, an increase of 10.86 percent compared to the preceding five-year average (the normal level)1 and 4.95 percent compared to the 2013/14 season. As in the 2013/14 season, the central region recorded the largest share of wheat production (32.6 percent of the total), with 644,063 mt of wheat produced. Dhanusha, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Bara and Kailali were the top five wheat-producing districts in 2014/15. Above-normal rainfall was reported during the growing season and is believed to have provided the optimum moisture requirement for the winter wheat crop, but the prolonged withdrawal towards the harvest period adversely affected the wheat and lentil harvest in some districts. MoAD estimates the overall cereal production (summer and winter) for 2014/15 at 9.26 million mt, a decrease of 3.1 percent compared to last year (2013/14).
According to the Trade and Export Promotion Centre (TEPC), the value of foreign trade during the first eight months of the fiscal year 2071/72 (July – March 2014/15) stood at 561.9 billion NPR, an increase of 6.7 percent compared to the same period last year (2070/71). The share of exports and imports stood at 10.1 percent (56.92 billion NPR) and 89.9 percent (504.98 billion NPR) respectively. During this eight-month period, the share of cereals in total imports was 4.45 percent (22.5 billion NPR), which over the same period last year was 3.57 percent (16.88 billion NPR).
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