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The production of wheat and barley is estimated at 1.9 million mt, and 37 thousand mt respectively. This is an increase in production of 2 percent and 6 percent respectively compared to 2011/12 winter season.The Central Development Region is the largest wheat producing region with an output of 631 thousand mt, up by 5 percent compared to 2011/12.
Increase in winter crop production is attributed to the timely and adequate precipitation (rainfall/snowfall), and increased use of agricultural inputs.
Despite a good winter crop harvest, the 2012/13 national cereal crop production decreased substantially from 9.45 million mt of last year to 8.74 million mt this year—a drop of 7.6 percent.
Due to late and erratic rainfall during the monsoon, the production of paddy, maize, and millet decreased to 4.5 million mt, 2.0 million mt, and 0.30 million mt, respectively. A decrease in production by 11.3 percent, 8.3 percent, and 3 percent respectively compared to 2011/12. Buckwheat marginally increased by 0.3 percent to 10,056 mt.
The overall national cereal balance remains positive with a surplus of 408.4 thousand mt (7.8 percent) of edible food as opposed to a surplus of 886.3 thousand mt (17.2 percent) last year.
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