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The 2010/11 production for major summer crops (paddy, maize and millet) is estimated at 4.46 million MT, 2.07 million MT and 0.30 million MT respectively, representing an increase of 10.9 percent, 11.5 percent and 1.0 percent over the previous year, respectively.
The winter crop is currently in growing stage and its outlook so far remains good, with production likely to be higher than last year, due to extended monsoon rains in 2010, which kept the soil moisture favourable for the germination, and to good precipitation during January-February 2011 favourable to growth, especially for wheat.
Good summer crop production combined with the prospects of a good winter crop could result in a very marginal surplus in Nepal’s edible cereal balance for 2010/11 against a record deficit of 330,000 MT (6.2 percent) last year.
In spite of the overall good production at the national level, given the large geographic disparities in production and yields, some areas in Nepal, particularly in the Eastern Terai districts of Saptari and Siraha, and in the Mid- and Far-Western hills and mountains are likely to face food deficits leading to food insecurity, especially for the most vulnerable populations.