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Nepal is a signatory to the United Nations Millennium Declaration and its eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Continuous monitoring of nutrition indicators, such as underweight among children less than 5 years of age, is essential for tracking the progress of the country in achieving the MDG targets (specifically MDG1: the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger). Currently,there is no nationwide monitoring system that collects nutritional indicators on a regular basis to assess how feeding and care practices, and the prevalence of malnutrition change over time. To address this concern, and to better elucidate the relationship between child nutrition and food security in Nepal, the World Food Programme (WFP) and Helen Keller International (HKI) have taken the joint initiative to include nutrition information as part of the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP).
This bulletin supplements Nepal Food Security Bulletin #28, and represents the first in a series of quarterly surveillance reports. The series will capture seasonal variability in feeding practices and nutritional status, and can assist with the efficient targeting and allocation of resources for nutrition]related development and emergency activities.